Mumbai: The range of lifeguards stationed at Aksa Beach on weekends needs to be tripled, in step with professionals, after an analysis of close to 500 drowning incidents on the seashore among 2006 and 2018

The range of lifeguards stationed at Aksa Beach on weekends wishes to be tripled, in keeping with specialists, after an analysis of close to 500 drowning incidents at the seashore between 2006 and 2018.

Researchers from the branch of geography at Mumbai University determined that 1/2 of all drowning incidents passed off in a specific time-body, in the first six days of the lunar cycle, just earlier than or after a full moon. Notably, a big part of drownings additionally occurred at low-tide.

The three pre-monsoon months (March, April, May) while sea conditions are rough, and the range of visitors are high throughout summer months, account for a complete 49% of all incidents. At the equal time, 50% of all drowning incidents passed off on weekends, whilst footfall to the seashore will increase from an estimated two hundred people according to hour (on a weekday) to three hundred humans consistent with hour.

Over 12 years, a median of 38 drowning incidents have been suggested from the seashore every year. During this era, a complete of 445 non-fatal drowning victims were rescued, at the same time as forty seven died.

Conducted through assistant professor Deepali Gadkari and PhD candidate Subhankar Das, from the branch of geography at Mumbai University, the study (Risk Assessment of Drowning Incidents at Aksa Beach, Mumbai) also correlates individual drownings (primarily based on facts acquired from the hearth brigade) on the subject of prevailing tide and wave conditions on the time.

The have a look at has been released inside the today’s issue of Current Science, a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary medical magazine, posted with the aid of the Indian Academy of Sciences.

“We try to analyze the geomorphic tactics like sediment dynamics or hydrodynamics on and alongside the seaside which can be liable for giving it a unusual character,” stated Gadkari, who has been running inside the area of coastal geomorphology since the mid-90s.

“Unlike different seashores in Mumbai, Aksa is a very directly shorefront. It doesn’t curve. There also are massive sandbars which acquire parallel to the shore, and stay underwater at excessive tide. Swimmers can be inadvertently venturing into these channels, wherein the currents are sturdy. The sandbars are not static, they’re continuously transferring which compounds the threat element, ” she said.

Researchers had been also able to slender in on 15 hotspots which accounted for 252 of the 492 drownings which took place within the have a look at length. The most variety of incidents (14%) befell in March, with the bottom variety incidents (10%) occurring among October and December.

Another critical commentary turned into that many drowning incidents passed off even at low tide situations, when the tide range was much less than metres in peak. “This indicates that the tidal level performs a crucial position in generating rip modern-day. The mid–low tide time at some stage in the day may additionally have the most powerful rip currents,” the take a look at suggests. Rip currents are strong currents of water which pass at once far from the shore.

Considering that the nearest health facility in Malad is nearly 10kms far from the seaside, and that there are simplest 3 lifeguards posted on the beach throughout the day, researchers have recommended right now beefing up security features which will save you in addition deaths. They also advocate increasing the quantity of CCTV cameras for surveillance, and giving lifeguards access to the stay footage, to improve their reaction time.

“In each shift, most effective 3 lifeguards are stationed at the beach, even as there are greater than two hundred traffic in the course of peak hours, particularly within the afternoon. A CCTV digital camera has been mounted at one location at the seashore. However, stay photos of the cameras isn’t always to be had to the lifeguards. Due to these inadequate measures, drowning incidents frequently arise,” they note, suggesting that as a minimum six lifeguards be stationed at Aksa on weekdays, and as a minimum 10 on weekends.

Other cautioned measures to mitigate public damage consist of growing public signage, and availability of lifejackets for public use. At present, lifejackets are provided simplest to guards. It has additionally been advocated to conduct regular schooling for lifeguards in administering paramedical care, specially cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Chief Fire Officer for Mumbai, Hemant Parab, become unable to offer a remark for this story on Tuesday.

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